Expert: Too much importance assigned to Srebrenica draft
International courts have found that Serbia had not committed genocide in Srebrenica and that fact cannot be changed by the announced UN resolution.Source: Tanjug
This has been stated by international law professor Tibor Varadi, who added that " inappropriately great importance" has been assigned to the British draft resolution.
Varadi told Tanjug that the resolution that should be debated before the UN Security Council on July 7, "is seen as something fateful" - but that he disagrees, and thinks the draft "received a slightly greater resonance in the political consciousness than it actually has."
"The fact is that according to current judicial decisions genocide was committed, the fact is that it cannot be attributed to Serbia, and that many Serbian leaders have already made gestures and honored the victims," said Varadi, adding that the UN Security Council "does not determine whether genocide had been committed somewhere," but that this is done "by competent courts."
This legal expert noted that the International Court of Justice determined that genocide occurred in Srebrenica, and that it cannot be attributed to Serbia, as well as that "in very many cases, that court, but also the Hague Tribunal, found that there was no genocide."
Varadi said that what is known from the text of the resolution, which is not final and is likely to be developed further, is that it is stated that genocide was committed in Srebrenica and that it calls for reconciliation and respect for the victims, which, he said, is nothing new.
However, he added, "that competent courts found that the tragedy in Srebrenica is not attributable to Serbia doesn't mean that Serbia and all other countries in the region should not honor the victims," and noted that this has already been done.
"It is now 20 years since Srebrenica, this topic comes up a little on the agenda, but I do not see that something is changing dramatically, nor can be changed by a decision of the Security Council," said Varadi.
The question of whether it can be expected for the draft to be adopted by the UN Security Council, whose members is Russia, "is a question for experts in politics, not in law," he remarked, and concluded:
"I could not say, it all depends on whether a compromise will be reached on the text and some formulations."